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5 Major Reasons for Bleeding Gums

Women Smiling

Ever noticed blood while brushing? This is nothing but a case of bleeding gums. Although bleeding gums could have different levels of seriousness, it is always better to consult a doctor as soon as you notice the problem to avoid any possible complications in the future. There are many reasons for bleeding gums. Some are temporary and some a major matter concern that needs a doctor’s words of wisdom. Some of the possible causes are stated below.

Bleeding Gums

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the beginning stage of gum disease. This is usually caused due to the negligence of plaque on your teeth and gumline while brushing or flossing. When this infection occurs, your gums tend to become swollen and tender and may also bleed while brushing in some instances. However, as this disease is in its initial stages, it is possible to take some measures to treat it on your own by brushing and flossing correctly on a regular basis and also preferably regular dental check-ups.

Medications

The American Dental Association has listed out a number of blood-thinning medications that are a possible cause of bleeding gums in individuals who consume them. This is so as these medications decrease the blood’s ability to clot and this can lead to easier bleeding of gums. In such as case it is always better to let your doctor know of this problem so that they can suggest changes in the medicines you’re prescribed or provide medications to counter the effect instead.

New Flossing Routine

A change in your flossing routine may also be the cause of your bleeding gums. For instance, if you have forgotten to floss in the last few days or have newly made regular flossing a routine to remove plaque and maintain dental hygiene, it is possible to experience bleeding in both these cases of routine change. However, in this case, the bleeding is temporary and will clear up in a week’s time.

New Toothbrush

It’s not often that we switch toothbrushes, but when we do, it may surprise us with bleeding gums. Sometimes switching from a soft-bristled toothbrush to a hard -bristled toothbrush could lead to sudden pressure and cause bleeding. So it’s always better to take a dentist’s opinion on the type of brush that’s suitable for you in order to avoid frequent dental issues.

 

Pregnancy Gingivitis

In some cases, the first case of gingivitis can also be experienced differently by pregnant women. They experience swollen and bleeding gums while brushing and this is caused in pregnant women due to hormonal changes in a pregnant woman’s body that alter the body’s response to the bacteria that causes gum disease. However, these symptoms mostly tend to clear up post pregnancy following which a regular dental checkup and a brushing and flossing routine will keep away all dental issues.

Common Dental Problems

Breath

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is the second to the common cold as the most frequent disease in the United States of America. It occurs when plaque, the sticky substance that forms on teeth, combines with the sugars and starches of the food. This mixture produces acids that attack the tooth enamel. You can get cavities at any age, and they are not just for children. As you age, you can get cavities as your tooth enamel erodes and cause tooth decay. Dry mouth due to aging or medications can also lead to cavities.

Teeth

Bad Breath

Bad breath, can be an embarrassing fact to be dealt with for any person. According to dental research, about 85 percent of people with constant bad breath have a condition that is to blame. Gum disease, oral cancer, cavities, dry mouth, and bacteria on the tongue are few of the dental problems that can cause bad breath. Using a bottle of mouthwash to cover up bad breath when a dental problem is present will only reduce the odor but will not cure it.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is an infection on the gums surrounding the teeth. Gum disease is also one of the leading causes of tooth loss among the adult population. Some researchers have indicated that there may be a connection between periodontal disease and heart disease. Almost everyone is at risk for gum disease, and it usually happens after the age of 30. Smoking is one of the most key risk factors. Dry mouth and diabetes also increase your risk of getting gum diseases. The symptoms include red, swollen, bad breath, tender, or bleeding gums, sensitive teeth, and painful chewing.

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a deadly and dangerous disease that affects millions of people worldwide. The Oral Cancer Foundation (OCF) found that an individual in the United States dies within every hour due to oral cancer, but it is often curable if it is diagnosed and treated in the early stages. Oral cancer is mostly seen in people over the age of 40. The most significant factors of risk are alcohol and tobacco use, including chewing the tobacco. HPV also was known as a sexually transmitted wart virus also increases the risk of oral cancer.

Mouth Sores

There are many types of mouth sores, and they can be a little pesky and also bothersome. It is alright if a mouth sore lasts for more than two weeks, there is nothing to worry about the sore, and it will disappear on its own. Canker sores are common mouth sores that occur within the mouth and not the lips. These sores are not contagious and triggered by various causes. They are only a problem if they do not go away even after two weeks. Cold sores or fever blisters are mainly caused by the Herpes simplex virus and occur on the edge of the outer lips.

Cosmetic Dentistry

Teeth

Inlays and Onlays

It is also known as indirect fillings, which are developed in a dental laboratory, and used when a tooth has moderate decay, or there is not enough tooth formation to support the filling. Also provided when there is no damage to the tooth cusps, the inlay that is placed directly onto the tooth surface. When a greater portion of the tooth is damaged, an onlay is used rather than covering the tooth’s entire surface. Inlays and Onlays are developed in a dental laboratory from a composite resin material and then attached to the teeth with adhesive dental cement used.

Inlays and Onlays

Composite Bonding

It refers to the repair of damaged, discolored, or decayed teeth using a material similar to the color of tooth enamel. Your dentist will drill out the tooth decay and then apply the composite on the tooth’s surface, the dentist then “sculpts” it into the right shape before healing it with a high-intensity light.  It is also referred to “bonding,” as per the Consumer Guide to Dentistry, it effectively covers the damaged part of the tooth and gives the look of a healthy tooth in its place. It is the least expensive cosmetic dentistry procedures available to patients suffering tooth decay, chipped or cracked teeth and worn-down edges.

Dental Veneers

It is usually manufactured from medical-grade ceramic; they are made individually for each patient that is similar to one’s natural teeth. They look realistic and resolves numerous cosmetic problems, ranging from crooked teeth to damaged or cracked enamel to visible gaps between two teeth. The dentist uses a dental adhesive and applies the veneer to the front of each tooth.

Teeth Whitening

It is the most common cosmetic dentistry procedures, teeth bleaching or teeth whitening can be performed at your dentist’s office rather than in the clinic. Whitening happens after tartar, plaque, and other debris are cleaned from the surface of each tooth and restores their natural appearance. The teeth can also be bleached to get an even lighter shade than its original color. Over the years, teeth got stained and worn from drinks, food, medication and other personal habits such as smoking. Whitening covers the teeth, and this procedure can be done in the dental office or at home.

Implants

These are used to replace teeth after tooth loss. The dentist will insert a small titanium screw into the jaw at the place of the missing tooth, which then serves as the support for a crown. These implants are almost identical from the surrounding natural teeth. Once the supporting tissue and bone fuse into the implant, they are permanently secured into that particular site. Patients should practice diligent oral hygiene during the implant placement period so that they can have a clean plaque and food debris from the area.

Tips To Keep Your Teeth Healthy

Healthy teeth

Brush your teeth twice a day

It’s no secret that the world recommends making brushing twice a day a routine. However, most of us neglect brushing at night before we go to bed. For this reason, it is essential to keep in mind the purpose behind brushing at night. This practice helps get rid of germs and plaque that get accumulated throughout the day and eventually takes a toll on our dental health if not taken care of regularly.

Brushing

Consider mouthwash

Mouthwashes reduce the amount of acid in the mouth and clean hard-to-brush areas in and around the gums. They also re-mineralizes the teeth and are useful as a tool to help bring things into balance. You can consult your dentist for suggestions on mouthwash’s to use depending on the condition to be treated or other requirements.  For example; certain brands are best suited for children, and people with sensitive teeth.

Don’t neglect your tongue

Although this might seem a little irrelevant to most of us. The tongue is quite an important part of the brushing routine and should not be neglected as plaque can also develop on your tongue.  This not only leads to bad odor but also other oral problems. So everytime you brush, don’t forget to either use a tongue cleaner, the bristles of the brush or if your brush has a tongue cleaner on its back then that, to clean your tongue.

Use a fluoride toothpaste

The content of your toothpaste is also a matter of concern as the ingredients in your paste make a significant difference on your teeth depending on what your requirements are. So keep in mind that regardless what you kind of toothpaste or which brand you pick, ensure your toothpaste contains fluoride. This is so because fluoride defends the teeth against decay. It works by fighting germs that lead to decay and also provides a protective barrier for your teeth.

Do not let the difficulties of flossing stop you

Keep in mind that though flossing can seem a little difficult and tiring, especially for young children and older adults with ailments such as arthritis it is important to floss regularly to keep plaque and other germs away. So, look for tools that can facilitate your flossing routine and are simple to use. Try out ready to use dental flossers that are available in your nearest drugstore for a change.

Brush properly

Most people don’t take brushing as seriously as they should. Even something as simple as brushing has a certain way in which it is done to obtain the desired effect. In fact, if you do a poor job of brushing your teeth, it is almost as bad as not brushing at all. So, take your time and ensure you are moving the toothbrush in gentle and circular motions to help eradicate plaque. Plaque that is not eliminated has chances of hardening, and this can lead to calculus buildup and gingivitis.

Crown Lengthening: Understanding How This Amazing Tooth Surgery Works

crown lengthening

Innovative Tooth Surgery: Answering 3 FAQs Regarding Crown Lengthening

Accidents happen: Getting hit in the face while playing rugby with the guys, accidentally biting down on an olive pip while eating out, etc etc. Unfortunately, these accidents may lead to a fractured tooth. Although many instances of fractured teeth are relatively painless, the risk of a piece of tooth breaking off is high. This makes it necessary to have a crown placed to protect the tooth. However, there may be times when there isn’t enough tooth structure left to place a crown. In this case, visiting a dental specialist for minor tooth surgery may be in your best interest.

Whenever there isn’t enough tooth structure left to immediately apply a crown, you can opt for a minor procedure called crown lengthening. This form of oral surgery adjusts the gum and deeper attachment levels to expose more of the tooth. This creates more room for a crown to be cemented to the fractured or chipped tooth.

If you are already scheduled to undergo crown lengthening surgery, you may have a number of questions racing through your mind. Here are some of the more common questions surrounding crown lengthening to help you learn more about the procedure:

Does my Health insurance policy cover crown lengthening?

This would depend on your policy and “extras” cover. Crown lengthening is usually covered under the ‘major dental’ category. It may be a good idea to have a closer look at your policy and to bring up the topic with a dental specialist to see if there is a chance for some sort of health fund rebate.

How long does the procedure last and how long is the expected recovery period?

“How long does oral surgery take?” is one of the most common questions asked about crown lengthening. Generally, crown lengthening can be completed within an hour, although this largely depends on how many teeth need to undergo the procedure. You may want to add an extra 30 minutes to the expected length of the procedure just in case.

The recovery period is relatively quick. A good number of people can have the crown placed within 4 to 6 weeks. However, if the procedure was done in order to have a crown placed on your front tooth, then you may need to wait an additional 3 to 6 months to allow the gums to fully ‘settle’ and finish remodelling. Applying a crown too early will only cause it to become exposed if the gums do remodel significantly. During that time, your dental specialist may ask you to come back for a follow-up check to assess how well your gums are healing.

What should I avoid doing before and after the procedure?

Prior to the procedure itself, you should inform your dental specialist about any prescription medication you may be taking since some medication may interfere with the anaesthesia. If you are a smoker – then you will also need to ‘limit’ or ‘quit’ this habit to ensure optimal healing.

After the procedure, you’ll be asked to follow a soft diet for a week or two. You will continue to clean the area gently using the recommended antiseptic gels or mouthwashes.

Ultimately, the best way to ensure the success of your procedure is to have it carried out by a periodontist. What is a periodontist? Basically, they are a specialist dentist qualified to diagnose and treat problems with the gums. They generally have state-of-the-art modern contemporary facilities, but they also have some of the most experienced and respected dental specialist surgeons.

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